This way or that way? The tentacles of a small marine crayfish near Helgoland (Germany)
magnified 250 times (objective 25 times), above using diffraction contrast, below in normal bright field with strong diaphragming.
Only with strong diaphragming recognizable structures can be seen when using bright field illumination, however a disturbing diffractive blurring of the image occurs.
Coloration that sometimes makes sense for plant specimens is not advisable e.g. for living zooplancton etc.
The equipment of microscopes with dark field, phase contrast or differential interference contrast is too expensive. In nearly every microscope, the following contrast methods can be installed with some
skill, and they have an effect similar to dark field or difference interference contrast.